What is a cervical biopsy?
A cervical biopsy is a procedure that is performed to remove tissue from the cervix to test for abnormal cells or precancerous conditions.
Cervical biopsy or punch biopsy
The amount of tissue your doctor removes is dependent on the type of GYN biopsy being done. A simple cervical biopsy procedure, also known as a punch biopsy, removes a small piece of tissue from the surface of the cervix, where as an endocervical biopsy (endocervical curettage) removes tissue from high in the cervical canal and requires scraping with a sharp instrument.
Another possible biopsy is a cone biopsy or conization where your doctor will use a laser or scalpel to remove a large cone shaped piece of tissue from the cervix.
Lastly, there is the Loop Electrosurgical Excision procedure (LEEP) that uses a thin, low-voltage electrified wire loop to cut out any abnormal tissue found. In addition to removing tissue for testing, some of these procedures can be used to completely remove areas of abnormal tissue and may also be used in the treatment of precancerous lesions.
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