by cjleclaire
 Palermo Tuohy Bruno
Apr 19, 2018 | 928 views | 0 0 comments | 47 47 recommendations | email to a friend | print | permalink

As the weather warms up, people take to the road and want to spend more time outdoors. In particular, an increasing number of bicyclists and pedestrians join the thoroughfares, and motorists need to be on alert to watch out for them.

It takes a united effort on the part of pedestrians, bicyclists and motorists to make roads safe for everyone, and getting back into the habit of following safety guidelines becomes crucial for avoiding accidents. This is especially relevant in heavily populated areas, such as New York City and Long Island where there is a considerable amount of traffic.


  • Stop your vehicle for pedestrians at crosswalks.
  • Adhere to the posted speed limit and slow down when approaching pedestrians and bicyclists who are sharing the road.
  • Yield to pedestrians and bicyclists when making turns.
  • Check for bicyclists before opening your car door.
  • Take extra precautions and drive slowly when passing stopped vehicles.
  • Allow three feet of space between your vehicle and a bicyclist when passing bicyclists.


Walkers and runners must pay attention to traffic. Times when visibility is the worst are at night, dawn and dusk. If walking or running, you should avoid these times as much as possible. The New York State Health Department website provides a number of tips to safeguard pedestrians. Here are a few that can help keep you safe:

  • If walking at night, at dusk or during early morning, wear light and bright clothes to be as visible as possible for drivers and carry a flashlight.
  • Use extreme caution when crossing intersections that have no signals, and whenever possible walk in areas that have crosswalks with traffic signals.
  • Always look in all directions before crossing a street to ensure there is no oncoming traffic.
  • Always walk on the sidewalk if there is one and walk facing traffic when there is no sidewalk.
  • Obey all traffic signals and signs.


  • Do not bicycle while wearing headphones because you lessen your ability to hear approaching vehicles.
  • Make sure you slow down and check for traffic before entering an intersection or street.
  • Make yourself predictable for motorists by riding with the flow of traffic, by staying on the right side of the road and by not weaving in and out of parked vehicles.
  • Abide by traffic laws and check carefully before moving into the left side of a traffic lane to make a left turn.
  • Try to anticipate traffic dangers and adjust your position as needed.
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Employee Salary Histories
by cjleclaire
 Stephen Hans Blog
Apr 19, 2018 | 770 views | 0 0 comments | 49 49 recommendations | email to a friend | print | permalink

Can Employers Ask Employees About their Salary History?

On May 4, 2017, the New York City Council passed a bill that limited what an employer can ask job candidates about their salary history, compensation history and other past benefits when interviewing them for a job. The law went into effect on October 31, 2017.

The National Law Review explains that new law was part of the New York City Human Rights Law. What this means for employers is that violations are subject to compensatory damages, which could include back pay, front pay, punitive damages, attorneys’ fees, emotional distress, etc.

What was the purpose of passing the law?

The law had the purpose of preventing employers from using a job applicant’s past salary history to determine compensation. The employer cannot ask the job applicant about previous salary history for a current or prior wages, about benefits or other job compensation they have received. It is also unlawful for an employer to ask the previous employer what the individual was being paid or to ask about salary history. The employer also is prohibited from searching public records to obtain a job candidate’s salary history.

When the job candidates volunteer their salary history without any prompting, the employer can legally verify the information with the previous employer and use the salary history in determining the current salary.

What can an employer ask?

Employers can ask about the job candidate’s previous production at the job, such as how much revenue or sales they brought in or about other production statistics related to their work.

Employers can inform job candidates in writing or verbally about the proposed or anticipated salary or salary range for the open position. 

They can also discuss what the job applicant’s expectations are regarding salary, benefits and compensation.

Get Legal Help to Answer Your Questions about Employment Law

Stephen Hans & Associates offers seasoned legal guidance and representation to assist business owners with employment issues.


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